The Five Stages Of Mediation

National Family Mediation Service cut out the stress of fighting at court and conserve you the big cost of lawyers fees. You can, together with our professional trained conciliators resolve the issues together, even if you have actually had difficulties communicating with each other in the past.

family Mediation Process

The Basics of Family Mediation


Mediation is a voluntary, consensual process that utilizes a qualified, neutral 3rd party to facilitate the negotiation of disputes. The goal is to reach a binding settlement contract.


” Typically … practically any civil dispute is open to mediation.”
Virginia Supreme Court Chief Justice Carrico, 3/27/95


The use of mediation is increasing significantly across the country. The advantages of mediation are recognized to be various and substantial.

  • Control by celebrations– The parties remain in charge of the result.
  • Opportunity for much better results– The parties understand their disagreement better than any court or jury could.
  • Effective– Approximately 85% of cases handled by The National Family Mediation Service reach settlement.
  • Greater compliance– Celebrations are more likely to comply with a mediated outcome than with a judgment or an arbitration award.
  • Minimized time and expenditure– Mediation can be concluded in a single day or in a series of shorter sessions over a time period chosen by the parties.
  • Voluntary, consensual process– The parties stay in control. The outcome is determined by the celebrations.
  • Protected, enhanced relationships in between celebrations– Protecting or enhancing relationships is particularly crucial in family cases where the parties might have ongoing negotiations with each other or with children or other family members.
  • Reduced tension and disruptions to ongoing activities.
  • Improved relationships and skills– Mediation helps celebrations in future settlements and disagreement resolution.


There are several methods to get to mediation.

  1. Usually, one party chooses it would be useful to resolve the conflict through mediation and suggests mediation to the other celebration.
  2. In pending litigation, the court frequently suggests or even orders that the celebrations think about mediation. A personnel person will supply details about the mediation process and will answer any questions the parties or their attorneys might have.


Once the parties have accepted moderate, The National Family Mediation Service deals with the parties or their counsel to figure out which of its arbitrators would be finest fit to serve. The staff individual handling the case might recommend one or more conciliators based on the issues or profile of the case, although the parties or counsel might request a specific mediator.

The fundamental role of a mediator is not to render a choice but to help with a negotiation and help the parties in clarifying their concerns and resolving them. If the parties select, an extra role of a mediator might be to evaluate the concerns in dispute. These roles should be thought about in picking a mediator. Other factors to be thought about involve the specific attributes of the mediator:

  • Neutrality
  • Stability
  • Interpersonal abilities
  • Experience
  • Training
  • Subject matter know-how, if the parties desire assessment of the issues
  • Schedule


Prior to the mediation happens, a staff person will speak with the celebrations or their lawyers to make sure that the case is proper for mediation, and to discuss who will be present, the format of mediation, and costs. The mediator will perform a conference call with the parties and/or their lawyers prior to the mediation.


At the mediation itself, celebrations can have their attorneys present or they can select to do so themselves. Lawyers have an important role to play in ensuring that celebrations have a clear understanding of their legal rights and obligations as they go through the mediation procedure. Conciliators are not permitted to give legal recommendations and are fairly and statutorily obliged to make it clear to the celebrations who choose to moderate that they ought to depend on legal recommendations. The mediated contract that parties reach is only as strong as the info on which it is based, and it is important that parties be well notified and clearly encouraged about the implications of the decisions they are making.


The mediator initially describes the procedure to be made use of and develops the guideline. All those in attendance sign a mediation contract which, among other things, binds them to rigorous confidentiality.

One party presents his/her view of the disagreement. This discussion is casual and can be done by the lawyer and/or the client. Interrogation is not used, nor are any guidelines of proof or treatment utilized. The other party is then offered a chance to provide his or her view of the case. This process continues as long as essential to get the concerns on the table.

With the help of the mediator, the celebrations and their counsel then initiate settlements. The mediator assists the parties focus on recognizing the real issues and addressing them.

While the legal aspects of the family dispute are definitely pertinent in the settlement, possible options might include extra-legal problems. These non-legal matters are frequently at the heart of the conflict, yet they may not be properly addressed in a courtroom.

The settlements continue until effectively finished or till the celebrations decide that they are unable to reach a resolution. The problem-solving might take place in personal private sessions (” caucuses”) between each party and the mediator, with counsel, and might likewise happen over more than one session.

Depending on the requirements of the parties, family mediations might either be set up to be completed in one day or in 2- to three-hour sessions. Typically, it is decided in the preliminary session that additional info requires to be gathered or that the celebrations need time beyond the mediation to finish particular jobs or to try to find other possible options to a specific problem. In that case, the participants simply arrange a subsequent session to give them time to collect the essential data.

Child between parents happy

A settlement arrangement is decreased to composing when the celebrations reach agreement. If concerns are raised throughout the legal evaluation, the celebrations can concur to return to mediation to go over the concerns and complete the arrangement, if necessary.

Such assessment is provided just where (1) the celebrations request it; (2) the mediator thinks that the asked for assessment is necessary and appropriate; (3) the mediator is certified to offer such examination; (4) there is adequate information on which to base such evaluation; and (5) such examination is offered in qualified and reasonably broad terms. As the mediation proceeds, the needs of the parties may change, and the nature of the services supplied may also change, as the parties might ask for.

The National Family Mediation Service do not give other or legal professional suggestions. They do not predict particular outcomes to legal disagreements. While they may recommend possible alternatives by which to fix a conflict, they do not suggest any particular service because the ultimate decision is made by the celebrations.

The celebrations and their counsel are well served by proper preparation, whether the lawyer will be participating in the real mediation or not. Both the party and lawyer should have:

  • A sensible view of the concerns in the dispute.
  • A clear understanding of his or her objectives and requirements.
  • An initial discussion of his/her perspective.
  • A desire to compromise.

In addition, they need to be prepared to:

  • Listen
  • Assess
  • Check out options to be thought about in the basic session and in caucuses.
  • Explore and examine different settlement scenarios.
  • Discover methods to help the other party to be flexible on important issues.
  • Explore a resolution
  • Decide

The key to that outcome is that the decision maker in mediation is not a judge, the legal representatives, or the mediator– the choice makers are the celebrations, with the guidance and assistance of counsel. Hence, the most reliable technique to mediation is most likely to be based on a desire to reach a great resolution and end the conflict, rather than the combative design that might have characterized previously interactions between the celebrations and their counsel.

Generally, the interaction happening within the mediation procedure is private. This motivates a complete exchange of truths, views and feelings.

Before the mediation happens, a personnel individual will speak with the parties or their legal representatives to make sure that the case is appropriate for mediation, and to discuss who will be present, the format of mediation, and costs. The mediator will perform a conference call with the parties and/or their attorneys prior to the mediation. The mediated agreement that parties reach is just as strong as the info on which it is based, and it is critical that celebrations be well informed and clearly encouraged about the ramifications of the decisions they are making.

As the mediation proceeds, the needs of the celebrations may alter, and the nature of the services provided may likewise alter, as the parties may ask for.

The crucial to that result is that the decision maker in mediation is not a judge, the attorneys, or the mediator– the choice makers are the parties, with the guidance and help of counsel.

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Learn More About MEDIATION From WikiPedia

Mediation is a structured, interactive process where an impartial third party assists disputing parties in resolving conflict through the use of specialized communication and negotiation techniques. All participants in mediation are encouraged to actively participate in the process. Mediation is a “party-centered” process in that it is focused primarily upon the needs, rights, and interests of the parties. The mediator uses a wide variety of techniques to guide the process in a constructive direction and to help the parties find their optimal solution. A mediator is facilitative in that she/he manages the interaction between parties and facilitates open communication. Mediation is also evaluative in that the mediator analyzes issues and relevant norms (“reality-testing”), while refraining from providing prescriptive advice to the parties (e.g., “You should do… .”).

Mediation, as used in law, is a form of alternative dispute resolution resolving disputes between two or more parties with concrete effects. Typically, a third party, the mediator, assists the parties to negotiate a settlement. Disputants may mediate disputes in a variety of domains, such as commercial, legal, diplomatic, workplace, community, and family matters.

The term “mediation” broadly refers to any instance in which a third party helps others reach an agreement. More specifically, mediation has a structure, timetable, and dynamics that “ordinary” negotiation lacks. The process is private and confidential, possibly enforced by law. Participation is typically voluntary. The mediator acts as a neutral third party and facilitates rather than directs the process. Mediation is becoming a more peaceful and internationally accepted solution to end the conflict. Mediation can be used to resolve disputes of any magnitude.

The term “mediation,” however, due to language as well as national legal standards and regulations is not identical in content in all countries but rather has specific connotations, and there are some differences between Anglo-Saxon definitions and other countries, especially countries with a civil, statutory law tradition.

Mediators use various techniques to open, or improve, dialogue and empathy between disputants, aiming to help the parties reach an agreement. Much depends on the mediator’s skill and training. As the practice gained popularity, training programs, certifications, and licensing followed, which produced trained and professional mediators committed to the discipline.

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